“Mujer de mucha enagua” is a Mexican Zapatista phrase for a powerful woman activist, meaning a “woman with a lot of petticoat.” Cervántez’s print pays tribute to bold female leaders of different eras. Through text and image, she honors the seventeenth-century Mexican poet Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, twentieth-century Mexican author Rosario Castellanos, and the Zapatista Comandanta (female commander) Ramona. Cervántez dedicates her print to women, using the indigenous feminist spelling of “Xicana” in the title.


  • Title: Mujer de Mucha Enagua, PA' TI XICANA
  • Creator: Yreina D. Cervántez
  • Date Created: 1999
  • Credit Line: Yreina D. Cervántez, "Mujer de Mucha Enagua, PA' TI XICANA," 1999, screenprint on paper, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Samuel and Blanche Koffler Acquisition Fund, 2020.40.1, © 1999, Yreina D. Cervántez

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