Mummy mask of Pachons


British Museum

British Museum

Excavations in the later layers of debris over the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari have revealed that part of the area was used as a cemetery in the middle Roman period. A small number of the mummies found were adorned with masks. On the basis of the style of their hair and dress, they have been dated to the third century AD. They presumably belonged to people of high status, as the area of Deir el-Bahari was, and still is, a holy one.The owner of this mask, Pachons, son of Psesarmese, is portrayed wearing a long-sleeved cream-coloured tunic. Around his head is decoration in yellow, in imitation of gold. In his hands he carries a pot and a small garland of orange flowers. The panel at the bottom shows a representation of Sokar, the god of the Memphite necropolis (cemetery).There are remains of pieces of plaited linen which either attached the mask to the mummy or attached a wooden label, which bore the name of the deceased.

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  • Title: Mummy mask of Pachons
  • Date Created: 220/250
  • Physical Dimensions: Height: 4.30cm (label); Length: 16.40cm (label); Thickness: 1.70mm (label); Weight: 30.00g (label); Length: 86.00cm; Width: 33.50cm
  • External Link: British Museum collection online
  • Technique: painted
  • Registration number: 1896,0210.2
  • Place: Found/Acquired Deir el-Bahri
  • Period/culture: Roman Period
  • Material: wood; linen; plaster
  • Copyright: Photo: © Trustees of the British Museum
  • Acquisition: Excavated by Egypt Exploration Fund. Excavated by Naville, Henri . Donated by