Naqsh-e Rustam, Elamite ruler

Javier Álvarez-Mon & Yasmina Wicks8th-7th century BC

Macquarie University

Macquarie University
Sydney, Australia

Sometime around the 8th-7th century BC a male worshiper was added around the right corner of the ancient panel. He stands oriented toward the panel making a worshiping gesture, or possibly holding a small animal. His head and feet are in profile, while the rest of his body is shown frontally to emphasize his broad shoulders and narrow waist. He has a beard and probably a pair of long sidelocks. He wears a headdress with a visor at the front and ties (?) at the back and a long ceremonial garment with broad V-shaped bands on the shoulders and chest, perhaps originally incorporating fringes, and a bell-shaped skirt.


  • Title: Naqsh-e Rustam, Elamite ruler
  • Creator: Javier Álvarez-Mon & Yasmina Wicks
  • Date Created: 8th-7th century BC
  • Location Created: Naqsh-e Rustam, Marvdasht Plain 6 km north of Persepolis
  • Type: cliff face
  • Rights: Image Copyright J. Álvarez-Mon
  • Medium: rock-carved relief

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