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Necklace created from materials collected by a young Austrian Jewish woman while in Auschwitz

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Necklace created by 18 year old Renee Konstandt from materials she saved while imprisoned in Auschwitz and other camps during and immediately after the end of the war in May 1945. The identification tag used in the necklace was given to her by a friend in Auschwitz. In October 1941, Renee's parents were deported from Vienna, Austria, to the Jewish ghetto in Lodz, Poland. Due to a clerical error, Renee and her older brother, Raoul, age 20, were not put on the transport. They were deported in January 1941 to Theresienstadt concentration camp and in May 1944, they were sent to Auschwitz, where they were separated. Renee was sent to Neuengamme and in March 1945 was sent by cattle car to Bergen-Belsen where she was liberated on April 15, 1945, by British forces. She returned to Vienna to search for her family, but no one had survived. With the help of an uncle in Philadelphia, she was able to emigrate to the United States in 1947.

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Details

  • Title: Necklace created from materials collected by a young Austrian Jewish woman while in Auschwitz
  • Provenance: The necklace was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Renee Konstandt Lang.
  • Subject Keywords: Child concentration camp inmates--Poland--Oswiecim--Biography. Child concentration camp inmates--Germany. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Austria--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Austria--Biography. Jewish families--Austria--Vienna. Jewish refugees--United States--Biography.
  • Type: Jewelry
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Cloth cord necklace made with found materials. At one end, attached by a piece of twine, is a section of silver colored metal link bracelet with a circular clasp. Attached nearby is a piece of ribbon with a raised dot pattern; near the center of the cord is a dark gray metal identification tag with an etched number. Attached to a knotted area of the cord is a silver metal, oval, religious medal with raised borders and a suspension ring; on the front is an embossed image of a robed Virgin Mary, standing with a halo above her head and stars and rays of light emanating around her body, and French text around the border. The reverse of the medal has an embossed design of hearts and crowns.

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