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Orange decorated candy tin with lid distributed on the liberation of the Netherlands received by a former hidden child 2003.419.1_a front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Colorful candy tin and lid obtained by 9 year old Marion Kaufmann when it was distributed on May 5, 1945, to celebrate the liberation of the Netherlands from German occupation. It is decorated with an image of the three young royal princesses, Beatrix, Irene, and Margriet, and the Dutch flag. Marion's parents, Lina and Walter, owned an electrical repair shop in Berlin that was destroyed during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938. They worked in a Jewish daycare center until 1941, when the orphans were deported and the center closed. Walter made preparations for the family to escape, but was arrested in October 1942. Six year old Marion and her mother Lina fled to the Netherlands. In Amsterdam, Dr. Max Knapp of the Dutch underground arranged separate hiding places for them. Marion was hidden with Boy and Mia Edgar in Amsterdam. She was arrested and sent to a transit camp for Jewish children in Amsterdam until rescued by the Edgars. They arranged for her to hide in various places near Arnhem: a convent in Malden, and the De Kleyn and then the Beelen homes in Overasselt. Marion was with the Beelen's from April 1943-September 1945, except for one month during the Allied Operation Market Garden in September 1944 when she was placed with a traveling group of Roma for safety. Lina was hidden in a home in Amsterdam that was raided. She then was moved to the Wesselius family farm in Oude Wetering. German soldiers were billeted nearby, and it was too dangerous to stay in the house, thus she was hidden in a haystack most of the time. The war ended in May 1945, and Lina found Marion at the Beelen farm in September. They eventually learned that Walter had died in Auschwitz in January 1943. Marion and Lina lived in Amsterdam until leaving for the US in 1949.

Colorful candy tin and lid obtained by 9 year old Marion Kaufmann when it was distributed on May 5, 1945, to celebrate the liberation of the Netherlands from German occupation. It is decorated with an image of the three young royal princesses, Beatrix, Irene, and Margriet, and the Dutch flag. Marion's parents, Lina and Walter, owned an electrical repair shop in Berlin that was destroyed during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938. They worked in a Jewish daycare center until 1941, when the orphans were deported and the center closed. Walter made preparations for the family to escape, but was arrested in October 1942. Six year old Marion and her mother Lina fled to the Netherlands. In Amsterdam, Dr. Max Knapp of the Dutch underground arranged separate hiding places for them. Marion was hidden with Boy and Mia Edgar in Amsterdam. She was arrested and sent to a transit camp for Jewish children in Amsterdam until rescued by the Edgars. They arranged for her to hide in various places near Arnhem: a convent in Malden, and the De Kleyn and then the Beelen homes in Overasselt. Marion was with the Beelen's from April 1943-September 1945, except for one month during the Allied Operation Market Garden in September 1944 when she was placed with a traveling group of Roma for safety. Lina was hidden in a home in Amsterdam that was raided. She then was moved to the Wesselius family farm in Oude Wetering. German soldiers were billeted nearby, and it was too dangerous to stay in the house, thus she was hidden in a haystack most of the time. The war ended in May 1945, and Lina found Marion at the Beelen farm in September. They eventually learned that Walter had died in Auschwitz in January 1943. Marion and Lina lived in Amsterdam until leaving for the US in 1949.

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Details

  • Title: Orange decorated candy tin with lid distributed on the liberation of the Netherlands received by a former hidden child 2003.419.1_a front
  • Location: Netherlands--History--German occupation, 1940-1945., Netherlands--History--German occupation, 1940-1945.
  • Provenance: The candy tin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Marion Cassirer., The candy tin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Marion Cassirer.
  • Subject Keywords: Hidden children (Holocaust)--Netherlands--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Netherlands--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--Netherlands--Personal narratives., Hidden children (Holocaust)--Netherlands--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Netherlands--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--Netherlands--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Containers, Containers
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: a. Cylindrical painted tin container base with 3 ridges at the top, bottom, and center. Most of the body is painted orange; the red, white, and blue striped Dutch flag and black upside down Dutch text are painted around the center between the white top and bottom ridges. The top rim is orange and recessed to fit the lid. The rounded and slightly concave bottom has a painted design featuring black and white photographic portraits of the 3 royal princesses, Beatrix, Irena, and Margriet, 3 young girls with white hair bows on a gray field with an orange circular border with a gold crown above the eldest princess. This is overlaid on a red, white, and blue striped field with a white circular border. The shape, size, and design of this section mirrors the detached lid (b). This section meets the base at the lower ridge and could possibly also function as a lid. It is more seemly for the princesses to be the container top and then the text would be correctly oriented. The interior is painted gray and near the bottom ridge is a false bottom impressed with a 5 pointed star. b. Circular painted tin container lid with the lesser version of the coat of arms of the Netherlands, a blue shield, with 12 yellow rectangles, with a gold, rampant crowned lion, with tongue extended, holding an upright sword in its left paw and 7 bundled arrows in its right. The shield is on a black field with 3 orange dots with a circular, orange border. This is overlaid on a red, white, and blue striped field with a white circular border. The rim is painted orange. The rounded, slightly concave lid has a gray painted interior., a. Cylindrical painted tin container base with 3 ridges at the top, bottom, and center. Most of the body is painted orange; the red, white, and blue striped Dutch flag and black upside down Dutch text are painted around the center between the white top and bottom ridges. The top rim is orange and recessed to fit the lid. The rounded and slightly concave bottom has a painted design featuring black and white photographic portraits of the 3 royal princesses, Beatrix, Irena, and Margriet, 3 young girls with white hair bows on a gray field with an orange circular border with a gold crown above the eldest princess. This is overlaid on a red, white, and blue striped field with a white circular border. The shape, size, and design of this section mirrors the detached lid (b). This section meets the base at the lower ridge and could possibly also function as a lid. It is more seemly for the princesses to be the container top and then the text would be correctly oriented. The interior is painted gray and near the bottom ridge is a false bottom impressed with a 5 pointed star. b. Circular painted tin container lid with the lesser version of the coat of arms of the Netherlands, a blue shield, with 12 yellow rectangles, with a gold, rampant crowned lion, with tongue extended, holding an upright sword in its left paw and 7 bundled arrows in its right. The shield is on a black field with 3 orange dots with a circular, orange border. This is overlaid on a red, white, and blue striped field with a white circular border. The rim is painted orange. The rounded, slightly concave lid has a gray painted interior.

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