Oskar Schindler, a member of the Nazi party, arrivedin Krakow, Poland, in 1939. With the aim of growing rich, he purchased a Jewish- owned plant for the manufacture of enamelware which had been confiscated by the Germans, and employed there forced laborers from the Krakow ghetto. Witnessing the murder of Jews, he had change of heart. He decided to increase the number of his workers and to protect them as best he could even by paying large bribes to the SS commanders. After the ghetto was liquidated in March 1943, Schindler sought a way to save his workers. He established in the area of the sub- camp of Plaszow a plant and employed many Jews who were not fit to work.
In August 1944, when the front drew closer to Krakow, the plant was closed, its workers were transferred to the Plaszow camp and most of them were deported to the camps. Schindler wanted to save as many of the workers remaining and of Plaszow inmates as he could. He, therefore, came up with the idea of relocating his plant to Bruennlitz in the Sudeten region as an ammunitions factory. For the transfer of his Jewish workers to this plant, he prepared a list with more than 1000 names known as "Schindler list". In an extraordinary operation, Schindler succeeded in transferring the men to the new plant. The women were sent by mistake to Auschwitz, but after much effort, Schindler gained their release and moved them to Bruennlitz.
Oskar Schindler died in 1974 and, at his request, was buried in Jerusalem.