The Arts & Crafts style originated in England in the late 1800s as a rebellion against the industrialized, mass-produced goods of the Victorian era. William Morris and John Ruskin were early proponents of this unique style which celebrated traditional craftsmanship and honesty of design. Various craftsmen and artists integrated the Arts & Crafts philosophy into their pottery, furniture, soft furnishings, metal work, stained glass, gardening, and even architecture. In North America this style was often called the Mission style of furniture and is also referred to as Craftsman style, American Bungalow style, and California Bungalow style. The Arts & Crafts philosophy was adopted by various craftsmen including Greene & Greene, Frank Lloyd Wright, Baillie Scott, Dirk Van Erp, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Elbert Hubbard and perhaps the most famous of all, Gustav Stickley. The Arts & Crafts style offered clean lines, traditional craftsmanship, and natural beauty in woods and finishes.