The Museum is located in the heart of Val d'Enza, which includes the municipalities of Gattatico, Campegine, Sant'Ilario d'Enza, Montecchio Emilia, Cavriago, Bibbiano, San Polo d'Enza and Canossa d'Enza. In 2008, these municipalities created a Union in order to recognize the existence and existence of mutual historical and cultural links, starting from the fact that they were united by an economy based, up to about fifty years ago, on agriculture. Agriculture that is not only an aspect of the economy but, originally, a way of life, made of traditions, culture, folk wisdom, dialects and much more, of which today only a few but precious traces remain. Here is the key to understanding the cultural value of the Aiola Museum, which is the guardian of the rural roots of Val d'Enza. It is a small ethnographic museum that preserves, describes and tells a story - that of the peasant civilization - that belongs to our roots, although it is to us and our children often unknown. It collects tools for work in the fields, in the stables and in the houses and objects belonging to the daily life and material culture of this civilization. The Museum consists of two structures: the Casello del Parmigiano Reggiano and the Museum proper. The eighteenth-century Casello, with a hexagonal plan, was originally located in another area but, being in need of restoration, some men of the village became available for its consolidation, which then became a displacement intervention on another land made available by the Municipality of Montecchio (RE) located in the center of the small village. It also plays an important educational role, showing the public - on certain occasions - the processing of fine cheese shapes.
The Museum was born spontaneously by the will of some enthusiasts who, around 1968, started, starting from a carved wooden agricultural cart, to collect tools from the farming world that were falling into disuse due to the advent of new techniques and following the increasing industrialization. In 2004, it became a public museum, and continues to play a fundamental role in the promotion of the area.
It should be noted in particular the choice, as an exhibition site, of an old farmhouse. The exhibition of the objects and of the history in which they took part is thus carried out in the authentic places of the civilization of which they have been silent protagonists.