Unknown artist Copy after John Simpson's portrait Portugal, from 1834 Oil on canvas 76 x 66 cm
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Title: Pedro of Portugal, Duke of Bragança
Long Description: This half-length portrait, transferred from the Palace of Belém in 1905, has been attributed to various painters with João Baptista Ribeiro one of the proposed names alongside Maurício José do Carmo Sendim and Steegman. However, the likelihood that this represents a simplified replica (almost a bust) by John Simpson has never been categorically eliminated.
The most profound study carried out thus far was by Stanislaw Herstal ("Dom Pedro: Estudo Iconográfico", 1972). This comparative study presents thirteen canvases from this period, including that in the National Palace of Queluz with their respective different artistic results and the identical postures and figurations of the portraits. The example held in the British royal collections does not feature in this sample of paintings. They all share the same model: the painting produced by the British artist J. Simpson (National Coach Museum).
The National Palace of Queluz painting, while technically inferior when compared with the National Coach Museum portrait, does resemble the artistic quality attained in the National Soares dos Reis Museum, which has been identified as a probable replica by Simpson. The example of the Oporto museum was formerly the property of the Royal Household and was left in the Palace of Carrancas in conjunction with three other portraits attributed to Simpson and with a similar compositional scheme and scale: the marshals Duke of Saldanha and Duke of Terceira and Admiral Napier.
The Duchess of Bragança, Amélia Beauharnais, widow of Dom Pedro, commissioned a series of copies from J. B. Ribeiro to give to various dignitaries and institutions and perhaps the case with the National Palace of Queluz portrait. Various receipts have also been documented detailing payments made to M. J. do Carmo Sendim for the copies he made of the portrait of Pedro, between 1842 and 1854.