During 1955 Rivera produced a large number of easel paintings, mainly portraits, including this one, also known as The Tehuana, of his friend Dolores Olmedo. Doña Lola is portrayed in the very colorful attire of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, an example of the richness of traditional Mexican textile design.
Tehuana clothing was in vogue during the 1930s and 40s, when the wives and models (or muses) of painters, writers, and musicians wore it to exalt the richness and beauty of traditional Mexican costume. Some of these women made the fashion part of their public personas and wore it proudly: María Izquierdo, Lupe Marín, Dolores Olmedo, María Asúnsolo, Lola Álvarez Bravo, and of course Frida Kahlo.


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