Portrait of Marshal Floriano Peixoto

Delfim da Câmara1894

Museu da República

Museu da República
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Portrait of Marshal Floriano Vieira Peixoto (1839-1895), Vice President of the Republic and the second President of the Republic of Brazil, from 1891 to 1894.

Born in Ipioca, Alagoas. He entered the Escola Militar, in Rio de Janeiro, in 1861, completing the Artillery course. In 1865, already 1st Lieutenant, serving in the garrison of Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, he was assigned to command troops in the Paraguayan War (1865-1870).

In 1883, he was appointed Inspector of Military Establishments in the provinces of Pernambuco, Alagoas, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte and Sergipe. In the same year, he took command of Armas do Amazonas and the following year he was appointed president and commander of Armas de Mato Grosso. In June 1889, he was distinguished with the appointment of Assistant General of the Army (which today corresponds to Chief of Staff). Promoted to lieutenant general of the Army in 1889, he was invited, in April 1890, to assume the War Office of the Provisional Government. With the promulgation of the Constitution of the Republic, on February 24, 1891, the election for the presidential and vice-presidency candidates was scheduled for the 25th. Deodoro da Fonseca and Floriano Peixoto, president and vice president, respectively, emerged victorious. With Deodoro's resignation, Marechal Floriano assumed power in November 1891.


  • Title: Portrait of Marshal Floriano Peixoto
  • Creator: Delfim da Câmara
  • Date Created: 1894
  • Physical Dimensions: 66,0 x 55,5 cm
  • Material: Oil on canvas
  • Créditos da imagem: Instituto Cultural J. Safra/Rômulo Fialdini
  • Coleção: Floriano Peixoto

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