Portrait of the Ladies Amabel and Mary Jemima Yorke

Joshua Reynoldsc. 1761

The Cleveland Museum of Art

The Cleveland Museum of Art
Cleveland, United States

Sisters Amabel (left) and Mary Jemima are shown playing on the grounds of their family’s country estate outside London. They wear loose, flowing garments invented specifically for the portrait rather than their usual outdoor dresses. Their father commissioned the painting to hang in the family’s city home in London’s St. James Square and it highlights their status as landowners. Joshua Reynolds painted this portrait after his return from Italy, where his studies inspired him to incorporate classical references. The famous ancient Roman <em>Statue of a Girl with a Dove </em>is echoed in Mary Jemima’s pose as she shields a dove from the family dog.

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  • Title: Portrait of the Ladies Amabel and Mary Jemima Yorke
  • Creator: Joshua Reynolds (British, 1723–1792)
  • Date Created: c. 1761
  • Physical Dimensions: Framed: 224.5 x 201.3 x 11.4 cm (88 3/8 x 79 1/4 x 4 1/2 in.); Unframed: 196 x 170 cm (77 3/16 x 66 15/16 in.); Former: 223.5 x 198 x 9 cm (88 x 77 15/16 x 3 9/16 in.)
  • Provenance: Philip Yorke, Viscount Royston, later Second Earl of Hardwicke [1720-1790], St. James Square, London, by descent to his daughter Amabel Yorke, later Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey, Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey [1751-1833], by descent to her great niece Anne Florence de Grey, Anne Florence de Grey, Baroness Lucas [died 1880], by descent to her son, Francis Thomas de Grey, Francis Thomas de Grey, Seventh Earl Cowper, Seventh Baron Lucas and Tenth Baron Dingwall [1834-1905], by descent to his nephew Auberon Thomas Herbert, Auberon Thomas Herbert, Eighth Baron Lucas and Eleventh Baron Dingwall [1876-1916], by descent to his sister Nan Ino Cooper, Nan Ino Cooper, Ninth Baroness Lucas and Twelfth Baroness Dingwall [1880-1958], consigned to sale at Christie's London, (Christies’s, London, May 26, 1922, lot 78), (Agnew, London), (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), John L. Severance, Cleveland, OH, by bequest to the Cleveland Museum of Art, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1942.645
  • Medium: oil on canvas
  • Fun Fact: Her family affectionately referred to Mary Jemima (at right) as "Mouse."
  • Department: European Painting and Sculpture
  • Culture: England, 18th century
  • Credit Line: Bequest of John L. Severance
  • Collection: P - British before 1800
  • Accession Number: 1942.645

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