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Prison or convict hulk YORK

E P Heriz-Smith1987

Australian National Maritime Museum

Australian National Maritime Museum

This model represents the British prison hulk YORK on a scale of 1: 64. It was inspired by an engraving by the artist Edward William Cooke of the YORK in Portsmouth harbour. The model is cut away to reveal figures of convicts, guards and soldiers undertaking their daily duties. Over 500 prisoners were held on board YORK at the one time, in unsanitary and cramped conditions. This environment resulted in disease and malnutrition in the prisoners and a rebellion in 1848.

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  • Title: Prison or convict hulk YORK
  • Creator: E P Heriz-Smith
  • Date: 1987
  • Location: England
  • Type: Model
  • Significance: This ship model reflects the British penal system of the 18th century, which had a direct impact on the transportation of convicts to Australia between 1788 and 1868. The YORK highlights the inhumane conditions on board prison hulks, which saw prisoners living in cramped unhygienic environments.
  • See institution's online collections: http://www.anmm.gov.au/collections
  • Medium: Timber, metal
  • Dimensions: 606 x 1234 x 460 mm
  • Credit line: ANMM Collection

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