Pterosaur skull

Museum of Natural History of Venice

Museum of Natural History of Venice

Pterosaurs, which lived between the Triassic and the Cretaceous (230 to 65 million years ago), were the first vertebrates to develop the flight and the only other group of animals to evolve this ability besides insects, birds and bats. Like in the latter, the wings of pterosaurs were membranous, but unlike bats it was only a single finger of the hand, the fourth one, extremely elongated, to support most of the membrane.
As in today's birds, pterosaurs adaptation to flight included also the lightening of the skeleton, including the skull that, as in this specimen, often bore wide fenestrations (Giancarlo Ligabue Foundation Collection).

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  • Title: Pterosaur skull
  • Rights: Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia Photo by Stefano Castelli - Università degli Studi di Padova
  • Scientific name: Anhanguera sp.
  • Origin: Brazil, Chapada do Araripe
  • Dating: Early Cretaceous
  • Date: 1983
  • Catalogue number: MSNVE-21232
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