On June 7, 1892, Homer Plessy boarded an East Louisiana Railroad car reserved for Whites with the intent, not to actually travel aboard the train, to challenge the Jim Crow laws that were the basis for segregation in the South. Plessy’s action was part of a coordinated effort on the part of the Comité des Citoyens (Citizens’ Committee), a group of 18 prominent African American men that had formed in 1891 to challenge Louisiana’s Separate Car Act. Plessy was arrested and placed in jail. Plessy and his lawyers took his legal battle all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which in 1896 ruled against Plessy in the case of Homer A. Plessy v. Ferguson by a vote of 7 to 1 and upheld the doctrine of “separate but equal.” Aside from their involvement in the Plessy v. Ferguson legal case, the Citizens’ Committee also challenged other instances of inequality that were levied against African Americans. In this publication they protested on behalf of Paul Bonseigneur, a wealthy African American, who had purchased a house in Mandeville, Louisiana, and was being harassed by white neighbors to leave the neighborhood.