Report of Proceedings for the Annulment of Act 111 of 1890 by the Citizens’ Committee of New Orleans, LA.

Citizens' Committee

Amistad Research Center

Amistad Research Center

On June 7, 1892, Homer Plessy boarded an East Louisiana Railroad car reserved for Whites with the intent, not to actually travel aboard the train, to challenge the Jim Crow laws that were the basis for segregation in the South. Plessy’s action was part of a coordinated effort on the part of the Comité des Citoyens (Citizens’ Committee), a group of 18 prominent African American men that had formed in 1891 to challenge Louisiana’s Separate Car Act. Plessy was arrested and placed in jail. Plessy and his lawyers took his legal battle all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which in 1896 ruled against Plessy in the case of Homer A. Plessy v. Ferguson by a vote of 7 to 1 and upheld the doctrine of “separate but equal.” Aside from their involvement in the Plessy v. Ferguson legal case, the Citizens’ Committee also challenged other instances of inequality that were levied against African Americans. In this publication they protested on behalf of Paul Bonseigneur, a wealthy African American, who had purchased a house in Mandeville, Louisiana, and was being harassed by white neighbors to leave the neighborhood.

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  • Title: Report of Proceedings for the Annulment of Act 111 of 1890 by the Citizens’ Committee of New Orleans, LA.
  • Creator: Citizens' Committee
  • Subject Keywords: African Americans--Civil rights--Louisiana.
  • Type: document
  • Rights: Physical rights are retained by the Amistad Research Center. The materials in this exhibition are being made available for personal and scholarly research use only. Copyright is retained in accordance with U.S. copyright laws. If you are the rightful copyright holder of an item represented in this exhibition and wishes to have it removed, please submit a request to reference@amistadresearchcenter.org including proof of ownership and clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.
  • Repository: Amistad Research Center
  • Extent: 12 p.
  • Date: 1891
  • Collection: Charles Rousseve papers