Sapgeumdae,Official’s belt with gilt ornaments

Ewha Womans University Museum

Ewha Womans University Museum
Seoul, South Korea

Sapgeumdae, an official’s belt with gilt ornaments, is a type of gakdae, a rank-signifying belt worn with official uniforms. The materials used for the belt ornaments were determined according to the wearer’s rank; seodae, or the buffalo horn-decorated belt, was worn by first-rank government officials; sapgeumdae, or the patterned gold-decorated belt, by senior second-rank officials; sogeumdae, or the plain gold-decorated belt, by junior second-rank officials; sapeundae, or the patterned silver-decorated belt, by senior third-rank officials; soeundae, or the plain silver-decorated belt, by junior third- and fourth-rank officials; and heukgakdae, or the black horn-decorated belt, by fifth- to ninth-rank officials. It was worn by Hwang Cheol (黃鐵, 1864-1930).


  • Title: Sapgeumdae,Official’s belt with gilt ornaments
  • Date Created: 1890/1910
  • Location Created: Korea
  • Physical Dimensions: L. 41 cm, W. 30 cm, H. 4 cm
  • Provenance: Ceremonial Dress From Joseon Dynasty, The Inaugural Exhibition Catalogue of The Chang Pudeok Memorial Gallery
  • Type: Belt
  • Photographer: Jung-youp, HAN
  • Rights: The Chang Budeok Memorial Gallery of Ewha Womans University Museum
  • Medium: Silk, Paper, Gilt

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