A large number of enameled German glasses have political themes. This is the only recorded example of an enameled glass lampooning Jean T'Serclaes, the count of Tilly, a capable military leader who, in the eyes of the Protestants, became a symbol for Catholic excesses during the Thirty Years' War. Dressed as a knight with a large barrel-like container on his back and a basket in one hand, Tilly is accompanied by a goat. Above the figure to the right is the personification of the wind, cloaked in dark clouds. The lengthy inscription refers to his disgrace and miserable wanderings with only an old goat for company. From out of Tilly's mouth come the words O miserere mei(Oh, take pity on me); the basket is inscribed Nimiae Exaction(Too great a punishment) and the barrel is inscribed Mea Constientia(My conscience). This highly unsympathetic view of Tilly shows that this beaker was painted by a Protestant enameler from northern Germany.

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  • Title: Satirical Beaker
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date: 1660
  • Location Created: Northern Germany, Germany
  • Physical Dimensions: 21.7 cm (8 9/16 in.)
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Free-blown colorless (slightly pinkish-gray) glass with gold leaf and enamel decoration
  • Source Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
  • Signature: Below the lip, dated "".
  • Object Type: Beaker
  • Object Status: Permanent Collection
  • Number: 84.DK.562
  • Inscription: Inscription: Inscribed on the vessel wall, in enamel, "Hilff Gott! wie muss sich doch der gutte Tilly leyden / Wie kann doch mancher Geld auss seinem schimpfe schneiden / Wit zeucht er doch verbey, wie musser sich doch bücken / Wie drückt ihn doch die Butt auf seinem alten Rücken / Der kaum geheyletist von Puffen, die driegt / Bey Leypsischem confeckt. Der Korb fast uberwiegt / Mehr als er tragen kann. So wandert er geschwinde / Mit sich und seinem Stab in Regen, Schnee und Winde / Doch geht er nicht allein, sein alte Geyss leufst mitte / Und zettert bey ihm her mit eben leisen Tritte / Sie meckert dass sie muss mit dem zu fusse fort / Mit dem sie vor stets fuhr an iede Stell und Ort /"; from Tilly's mouth, "O miserere mei"; on the basket, "Nimiae Exaction"; on the barrel, "Mea Constientia"; on his staff, "Unicum et fragile"; from the personification of the wind, "Vindicta divina / Vindicta divina". Secondary Inscription: On the bottom, painted in a modern hand, "3822" and "1180".
  • Display Location: Currently on view at: Getty Center, Museum North Pavilion, Gallery N104
  • Department: Sculpture & Decorative Arts
  • Culture: German
  • Classification: Decorative Arts