Seated figure (pangulubalang)

late 19th–early 20th century

Dallas Museum of Art

Dallas Museum of Art
Dallas, United States

The word pangulubalang, which means "fighting spirit," refers both to the soul of a victim of human sacrifice who agreed to serve the traditional priest (datu) after death and to the stone sculpture that the sacrifice empowered. The figure could protect an entire village from evil spirits and witchcraft.


  • Title: Seated figure (pangulubalang)
  • Date Created: late 19th–early 20th century
  • Physical Dimensions: 27 1/2 × 9 1/2 × 8 1/2 in. (69.85 × 24.13 × 21.59 cm)
  • Type: Sculpture
  • External Link: https://www.dma.org/object/artwork/3139285/
  • Medium: Stone
  • Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Jean Paul Barbier

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