Silver dinner fork used by an inmate in a slave labor camp

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Fork from a silverware set used by Irena Urdang de Tour in the slave labor camp in Berlin when she worked for the Schwartzkopf Fabrik in 1943. Irena Ehrlich vel Sluszny (now Urdang de Tour), her parents, Felicia and Seweryn, and younger sister, Danuta, were confined to the Warsaw ghetto in 1940. In March 1943, 19 year old Irena escaped to the Christian sector of Warsaw. April 1943 brought the Warsaw ghetto uprising and its violent suppression by the Germans, with mass deportations of all Jews in Warsaw and the annihilation of the ghetto. Her father, aged 39, was killed during the uprising. Her mother and 14 year old sister escaped and were hidden for the rest of the war by Juana Dylag. Irena was deported to a slave labor camp in Berlin. Felicia, Danuta, and Irena were reunited in Warsaw after the war. From 1945-1947, they were in the Bindermichl displaced persons camp in Linz, Austria. They emigrated to the United States on the SS Marine Perch in 1947.

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  • Title: Silver dinner fork used by an inmate in a slave labor camp
  • Provenance: The fork was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2008 by Irena Urdang de Tour, the daughter of Felicia and Seweryn Ehrlich vel Sluszny.
  • Subject Keywords: Jewish families--Poland--Warsaw--Biography. Jewish refugees--Austria--Linz--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives. Slave labor--Germany--Berlin--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--Austria--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Household Utensils
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Silver colored, 4 tined fork with a pointed handle that tapers towards the prongs with a floral design.