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Small leather wallet with buckle used by a teenage girl to hold her diary in a labor camp

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Small leather wallet owned by Julia Rabinowicz. She used it to hold miniature notebooks where she wrote about her experiences during the Holocaust. In 1939, the Germans invaded and occupied Poland. The next year, Julia, her parents, Becalel and Solomea, and her sister, Krystyna, were interned in the Jewish ghetto in Lodz. In August 1944, when she was 17 years old, Julia and her mother were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp. Julia was then transferred to the Kratzau labor camp in Czechoslovakia, where she was liberated on May 9, 1945. Her parents perished in the Holocaust. Her sister survived. Julia returned to Lodz after the war and, until 1949, lived in the Helenowek children’s home, operated by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.

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  • Title: Small leather wallet with buckle used by a teenage girl to hold her diary in a labor camp
  • Provenance: The wallet was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2005 by Olga Lax, the daughter of Julia Rabinowicz.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camp inmates--Poland. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Poland. Jewish ghettos--Poland--History--20th century. Jewish orphanages--Poland--Łódź. Jews--Persecutions--Poland--Łódź. Women concentration camp inmates--Poland.
  • Type: Dress Accessories
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular, textured black leather wallet with a top flap. The flap has 2 straps that fit into 2 thread buckles on the front. On one side is an expandable pocket. Back has 1 small, horizontal, leather strap.

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