Small leather wallet owned by Julia Rabinowicz. She used it to hold miniature notebooks where she wrote about her experiences during the Holocaust. In 1939, the Germans invaded and occupied Poland. The next year, Julia, her parents, Becalel and Solomea, and her sister, Krystyna, were interned in the Jewish ghetto in Lodz. In August 1944, when she was 17 years old, Julia and her mother were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp. Julia was then transferred to the Kratzau labor camp in Czechoslovakia, where she was liberated on May 9, 1945. Her parents perished in the Holocaust. Her sister survived. Julia returned to Lodz after the war and, until 1949, lived in the Helenowek children’s home, operated by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.