This drawing was a study for a larger watercolor (now at the Victoria and Albert Museum) of Mehmet Ali Pasha, considered by many as the "Father of Modern Egypt." While European travel to the Middle East burgeoned during the mid 19th century, John Frederick Lewis was more intrepid than most, living and painting in Cairo for a decade. Upon his return to England in 1851, he astonished London audiences with more than 600 watercolors that conjured an exotic world of sumptuous colors and textures articulated in painstaking detail.

Download this artwork (provided by The Cleveland Museum of Art).
Learn more about this artwork.


  • Title: Study for Mehmet Ali Pasha
  • Creator: John Frederick Lewis (British, 1805-1876)
  • Date Created: c. 1844
  • Physical Dimensions: Sheet: 36.2 x 24.6 cm (14 1/4 x 9 11/16 in.); Secondary Support: 44.3 x 33 cm (17 7/16 x 13 in.)
  • Provenance: (sale, Bill Thomson, London, May/June 1986, no. 37), (Henry Strachey, London, sold to the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland OH), Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland OH
  • Type: Drawing
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1986.78
  • Medium: watercolor, gouache, black chalk, and graphite
  • Fun Fact: Lord Elphinstone, governor of Madras, described this drawing in an 1845 letter as "the best, and in fact, the only good likeness [of Mehmet Ali Pasha] I have seen, and I saw it within a quarter of an hour of leaving the original."
  • Department: Drawings
  • Culture: England, 19th century
  • Credit Line: Mr. and Mrs. William H. Marlatt Fund
  • Collection: DR - British
  • Accession Number: 1986.78

Get the app

Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more

Flash this QR Code to get the app
Google apps