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Suprematism

Kazimir Malevich1917

Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art

Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art

As one of the representative artists of the Russian avant-garde, Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) showed 40 paintings in the "Last Futurist Exhibition of Pictures:0-10" in St. Petersburg in 1915. These paintings consisted of geometric forms including rectangles, circles and crosses painted in black on white canvases in a style that Malevich called "Suprematism." Completely negating the depiction of objects and phenomenon of the natural world visible to the eye, Malevich and his disciples put forth a theory of painting that dealt with non-visual abstract subjects such as mass, movement and the energy and forces of the universe. This Suprematist movement became very influential in Russia following the 1917 revolution. The work Suprematism in the collection of the Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art was painted in the year of the Russian Revolution. It has a simple and dynamic composition with a vanishing point at the top of the painting and marvelous overall balance that continues to exert its mysterious appeal on viewers to this day. With the rise to power of Joseph Stalin, Suprematism would soon come under criticism from Russia’s Communist Party, resulting in an abrupt end to the movement. However, Malevich’s abstract painting theory would continue to have a strong influence of 20th-century art.

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Details

  • Title: Suprematism
  • Date Created: 1917
  • Title (Japanese): シュプレマティズム
  • Physical Dimensions: w48.2 x h65.6 cm
  • Painter: Kazimir Malevich
  • Object Notes (Japanese): ロシア・アヴァンギャルドを代表する画家カジミール・マレーヴィッチ(1878-1935)は、1915年にペテルブルグで開かれた「0.10最後の未来派絵画展」で、白地に黒い正方形、円形、十字形などの幾何学的形態だけを描いた作品約40点を発表し、これらを「シュプレマティズム(至高主義)絵画」と名づけました。目に見える自然の表象を描くことを一切否定し、質量や動き、宇宙エネルギーといった抽象的で目に見えない対象を表現する絵画理論を掲げたマレーヴィッチとその門下生らの活動は、革命直後のロシア国内に大きな影響力を持つようになります。DIC川村記念美術館の《シュプレマティズム》はロシア革命と同年の作ですが、画面上部に消失点を据えた単純でダイナミックな形態は、画面上で絶妙なバランスを保ちながら現在も謎めいた魅力を放ち続けています。シュプレマティズム運動はスターリン主導となったロシア共産党に批判され、実質的に短命で終わりましたが、マレーヴィッチが遺した抽象絵画理念は、20世紀の絵画に計り知れない影響を与えました。
  • Medium (Japanese): 油彩、カンヴァス
  • Artist Name (Japanese): カジミール・マレーヴィッチ
  • Type: painting
  • Rights: Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art, http://kawamura-museum.dic.co.jp/en/about_site.html
  • External Link: Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art
  • Medium: oil on canvas

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