The Destruction of Pharoah's Army and Other Scenes within a Cartouche

Étienne Delauneabout 1560 - 1570

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

Beneath a seated personification of Faith, each of these images focuses on a specific act of faith from the Old Testament. In the center, Moses causes the waters of the Red Sea to drown Pharoah's army. In the two side ovals, Joshua and the Israelites bring down the walls of Jericho, and Gideon chooses his soldiers according to whether they lapped water instead of kneeling down to drink. At the bottom, Jacob sacrifices his son Isaac.

In minute detail Étienne Delaune delineated the strapwork cartouche with its ornamental putti, the grotesque masks at the lower corners, and the bunches of fruit. He carefully applied areas of wash to give the blank plaques and curling strapwork the impression of three-dimensionality. He probably intended the drawing as a design for a wall decoration. The elaborate frame of the drawing would have been sculpted in stucco relief, and the various empty spaces would have contained inscriptions.

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  • Title: The Destruction of Pharoah's Army and Other Scenes within a Cartouche
  • Creator: Etienne Delaune
  • Date: about 1560 - 1570
  • Location Created: France
  • Physical Dimensions: 25.9 x 31 cm (10 3/16 x 12 3/16 in.)
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Pen and black and brown ink, gray wash, on vellum
  • Source Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
  • Object Type: Drawing
  • Object Status: Permanent Collection
  • Number: 91.GG.76
  • Inscription: Secondary Inscription: (Verso) inscribed "Pharoan de" in graphite.
  • Display Location: Not currently on view
  • Department: Drawings
  • Culture: French
  • Classification: Drawings