Agostinho Pereira was a religious leader better known as Divino Mestre (Divine Master). He served as a military officer in the Confederation of the Equator (1824). In 1846, he was denounced for leading a “sect” with more than 300 followers, mostly Blacks who knew how to read and write. Accused of teaching these people to read and write, Divino Mestre had his texts and books seized. In his religious “scriptures” he stated that “God/Jesus was not white” and that the “Kings were dark skinned.” Nicknamed “Black Luther,” Agostinho was arrested and sentenced to three years in prison.