Chapter 12 of the unpublished autobiography written on Robben Island. It covers the period between 1960 and 1961, with increasing repression by the Apartheid government and the ANC going into exile and the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe.
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Title: The end of a Chapter
Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #397)
Date Created: 1976
Transcript: Chapter Twelve: The end of a Chapter.
At the beginning of 1960 Verwoerd announced in parliament that South Africa would hold a referendum in which only whites would take part on whether or not South Africa would become a Republic. He added that if South Africa decided to become such a republic she would also decide whether she should remain within the British Commonwealth of Nations or withdraw her membership.
South Africa's isolation from the democratic world, especially since 1946 when at the UNO India and the Soviet Union in particular led a full scale attack on her racial policies and on all forms of colonialism. With the emergence of the independent states of Africa, South Africa became even more unpopular and the offensive against her rapidly spread to other world bodies. At the same time the demand for her expulsion became even more insistent.
In the meantime a united front of the ANC, SAIC, PAC (and SWANU Jarietundu Kozonguizi ?) was formed abroad conssisting of Oliver Tambo, Yusuf Dadoo, Xola Makiwane, Peter Molotsi, Nana Mahomo and Vusumzi Make. Although their were hitches from the tart, for some time the front worked fairly well and armed our friends in Africa, Asia, Europe and America with a wealth of data that made the onslaught on apartheid more informed and effective. Oliver Tambo and Vusumzi Make both of whom attended the UN sessions, were a fine example of how freedom fighters from two different political organisations could rise above petty differences and act most of