Cézanne was among the first artists to break with Impressionism and replace its interest in atmospheric effects with a new emphasis on geometric structure. Between 1888 and 1892, he painted two views of the pigeon tower at his brother-in-law's house in Bellevue, a small town in southern France. To make the tower the focal point of the composition, Cézanne exaggerated its cylindrical shape, extending it upward and to the left.

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  • Title: The Pigeon Tower at Bellevue
  • Creator: Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906)
  • Date Created: 1890
  • Physical Dimensions: Framed: 95.5 x 113 x 7 cm (37 5/8 x 44 1/2 x 2 3/4 in.); Unframed: 65.6 x 81.5 cm (25 13/16 x 32 1/16 in.)
  • Provenance: Maxime Conil [1822- ?] Aix en Provence, France, brother-in-law of the artist, sold to Ambroise Vollard, December 18, 1899, (Ambroise Vollard, Paris, France, January 25, 1922, sold to Ralph M. Coe), Ralph M. Coe [1882-1959], Cleveland, OH, Mrs. Ralph M. Coe [1891-1966], Cleveland, OH, November 7, 1935, to Knoedler & Co.for sale, (Knoedler & Co., New York, NY, January 6, 1936, work returned to Mr. Ralph M. Coe), Mr. Ralph M. Coe, Cleveland, OH, sold to the Cleveland Museum of Art, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1936.19
  • Medium: oil on fabric
  • Fun Fact: Cézanne’s method of compressing space and simplifying forms into flattened, geometric shapes provided the foundation for both Fauvism and Cubism.
  • Department: Modern European Painting and Sculpture
  • Culture: France, 19th century
  • Credit Line: The James W. Corrigan Memorial
  • Collection: Mod Euro - Painting 1800-1960
  • Accession Number: 1936.19

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