Part of the northern portico of the Trajaneum in Pergamon has been reconstructed in the Miletus gallery facing the Market Gate […]. The reconstruction incorporates parts of the original columns and entablature of the portico, which was situated behind the central temple. A corner column of the temple, including pieces of the original base and acroterium, has been reconstructed to its full height in the gallery to the right […]. Other original architectural fragments are displayed beside the column, such as a section of the entablature and a Corinthian capital from the temple. The podium temple was dedicated to Zeus Philios (Latin: Iupiter Amicalis) as well as the emperors Trajan and Hadrian. Construction of the temple began in AD 113, and it was dedicated in AD 128 after a change of plans probably motivated by Hadrian’s second trip to Asia Minor. Built on a massive vaulted substructure, the marble temple stood some 18 m tall and featured 6 × 10 Corinthian columns. It was the new crowning glory of Roman Pergamon. […] The colossal cult statues from the temple were acrolithic (composed of bodies with a wooden core, perhaps encased with bronze, and with marble heads and extremities). The statues of Trajan and Hadrian are preserved in the large marble heads now displayed on the socles between the columns to either side of the Cartinia tomb. The Roman Empire reached its greatest geographic extent and enjoyed a period of relative prosperity under these two emperors.