The wooden Crucifix in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore

R. Guarini secondary school

Fondazione Napoli Novantanove

Fondazione Napoli Novantanove

The wooden Crucifix of Mirabella Eclano, still preserved in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, represents one of the direct testimonies of Norman influence in Campania. This unique Crucifix, dating from around the first half of the twelfth century (1150 ca), has some peculiar characteristics that identify it as "Christus triumphans", that is like a Christ triumphant on death: his gaze with open eyes, the head straight and regal is to be associated with the Northern European Roman tradition that, in an attempt to free itself from the Byzantine style, represents a timid it represents a timid attempt at renewal that we can see even in other contemporary works. On the other hand, this iconography is opposed to the "monastic" model of the "Christus patiens" which depicts the dying Christ, with the head reclined and the suffering body.

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  • Title: The wooden Crucifix in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore
  • Creator: R. Guarini secondary school
  • Location: Italy, Campania, Avellino, Mirabella Eclano