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Tile with a coat of arms

1501/1525

Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares de Sevilla

Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares de Sevilla

Tile of mixed technique, cuerda seca (dry cord) and arista (moulding), with a shield in four quarters; the first and fourth are decorated with stripes while the second and third are decorated with castles. At the point is a man chained at the neck. Twenty-two flags emerge from the shield to surround it, apart for the top which is completed with a motto. On a white background, the gilt dominates, although it is also decorated with blue green and black.

The tile represents the coat of arms of the third Count of Cabra, Diego Fernández de Córdoba y Mendoza, fifth lord of Baena, who inherited it from his father, of the same name, the second Count of Capra. The bibliography describes it as a "quarterly escutcheon, the first and fourth the arms of Córdova - in gold with three bands of gules-, and the second and third those of Carillo-- with gules of the castle in gold, highlighting in azure, an enty showing the Moorish King of Granada (Boabdil the Boy), with a chain to his neck, issuing from the sinister flank". It is also said that it is finished with the motto "SINE IPSO FACTUM EST NIHIL", taken from the Gospel of St John.

The presence of Boabdil and the legend on the family shield begins with the second Count of Cabra, Viscount of Bujalance, fourth lord of Baena, married with María Hurtado de Mendoza. It was by express grant of the Catholic Monarchs, as well as the 22 flags around the shield. Given the colour limitations due to the glazing technique, the shield of the Count of Cabra is left in plain clay which in these cases was painted in red, because the gules on the quarters could not be reproduced.

This tile was decorated with dry cord, a mixed technique since it is a ridged tile reinforced by manganese because of the slightly pronounced edges.

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Details

  • Title: Tile with a coat of arms
  • Date Created: 1501/1525
  • Location: Seville
  • Physical Dimensions: 14,6 x 15,3 x 2 cm
  • Type: Plinth decoration
  • Medium: Fired clay, enamelled, decorated with dry cord and arista

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