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Tile

UnknownPersia, timurid period, 14th century

Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

Details

  • Title: Tile
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date: Persia, timurid period, 14th century
  • Location Created: Persia
  • provenance: Unknown
  • description: The cuerda seca (“dry-cord”) technique enables several colours to be combined on a single tile. Developed in Persia during the fourteenth century as a less costly substitute for mosaic, it is still used today. The star-shaped decoration on this tile consists of a complex structure based on a stylised lotus-flower with ten petals. The centre is decorated with a six-point star and has traces of gilding. This star form combined with tiles in other shapes – pentagons, hexagons and other polygons – to create an elaborate geometrical pattern that normally had a twelve-point star at the centre. The palette includes white, turquoise and manganese on a cobalt blue and gold ground. These tile panels decorated mosques and other religious buildings, helping to emphasise their symmetry and giving them a luxurious appearance.
  • Physical Dimensions: h36 cm
  • Type: Ceramic
  • External Link: http://museu.gulbenkian.pt
  • Medium: Ceramic, cuerda seca technique

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