Tilting water pitcher set (tray)

patented 1872

Dallas Museum of Art

Dallas Museum of Art

Invented and patented by James Stimpson of Baltimore in 1854, ice water pitchers insulated contents by means of metal or glass liners. Designers and manufacturers later improved upon Stimpson's original design, developing double-, triple-, and even quadruple-walled pitchers. As a result of their complex construction, the pitchers were heavy and unwieldy, prompting the development of tilting stands. By the 1870s, pitchers were commonly accompanied not only by stands, but also goblets, waste bowls, and trays, as in the case of this set featuring engraved faux wood grain derived from contemporary Russian metalwork. The popularity of ice water pitcher sets peaked in the 1880s and declined rapidly when the advent of refrigeration and the subsequent establishment of ice plants rendered the form obsolete.

**Adapted from**

Charles L. Venable, _Silver in America, 1840-1940: A Century of Splendor_ (Dallas, Texas: Dallas Museum of Art; New York, New York; Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1994), 104, 334.

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  • Title: Tilting water pitcher set (tray)
  • Date Created: patented 1872
  • Physical Dimensions: Overall: 5/8 x 16 5/8 x 12 3/4 in. (1.588 x 42.228 x 32.385 cm)
  • Type: Containers
  • External Link: https://www.dma.org/object/artwork/3116686/
  • Medium: Silverplate, ivory, and gilt
  • Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, gift of the Dallas Antiques and Fine Arts Society