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Tin candy container and lid used to store beads by a Dutch Jewish girl in hiding 2003.155.4_a-b front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Ebro candy tin used by Rachel “Chelly” de Groot from November 1942 to April 1944 and recovered by her brother Louis after the war. Chelly used the box to store small red glass beads that she used to make handicrafts. Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, and implemented anti-Jewish restrictions. In July 1942, the Germans began mass deportations. On November 16, 1942, Chelly, 15, Louis, 13, and their parents Meijer and Sophia left Arnhem and went into hiding after the Dutch police warned them of a raid. Meijer and Sophia hid in Amsterdam while Chelly and Louis moved around to different locations. In summer or fall 1943, Chelly went to Amsterdam to live with her parents. In December, Louis was sent to Lemmer to live with the Onderweegs family. In February 1944, Dirk Onderweegs visited and offered to take Chelly to a safer hiding place. On April 8, 1944, four days before Dirk was to return, Chelly and her parents were denounced and arrested. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, then to Auschwitz. Chelly and Sophia were killed upon arrival in Auschwitz on May 22, 1944. Meijer was selected for a work detail and was killed on September 30, 1944. Louis remained in hiding with Onderweegs until liberation in mid-April 1945.

Ebro candy tin used by Rachel “Chelly” de Groot from November 1942 to April 1944 and recovered by her brother Louis after the war. Chelly used the box to store small red glass beads that she used to make handicrafts. Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, and implemented anti-Jewish restrictions. In July 1942, the Germans began mass deportations. On November 16, 1942, Chelly, 15, Louis, 13, and their parents Meijer and Sophia left Arnhem and went into hiding after the Dutch police warned them of a raid. Meijer and Sophia hid in Amsterdam while Chelly and Louis moved around to different locations. In summer or fall 1943, Chelly went to Amsterdam to live with her parents. In December, Louis was sent to Lemmer to live with the Onderweegs family. In February 1944, Dirk Onderweegs visited and offered to take Chelly to a safer hiding place. On April 8, 1944, four days before Dirk was to return, Chelly and her parents were denounced and arrested. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, then to Auschwitz. Chelly and Sophia were killed upon arrival in Auschwitz on May 22, 1944. Meijer was selected for a work detail and was killed on September 30, 1944. Louis remained in hiding with Onderweegs until liberation in mid-April 1945.

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Details

  • Title: Tin candy container and lid used to store beads by a Dutch Jewish girl in hiding 2003.155.4_a-b front
  • Provenance: The container was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Louis de Groot, the brother of Rachel de Groot., The container was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Louis de Groot, the brother of Rachel de Groot.
  • Subject Keywords: Deportees--Netherlands--Amsterdam--Biography. Hidden children (Holocaust)--Netherlands--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Netherlands--Personal narratives. Holocaust victims--Netherlands--Biography. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. Jews--Persecution--Netherlands--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Netherlands--Personal narratives, Jewish., Deportees--Netherlands--Amsterdam--Biography. Hidden children (Holocaust)--Netherlands--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Netherlands--Personal narratives. Holocaust victims--Netherlands--Biography. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. Jews--Persecution--Netherlands--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Netherlands--Personal narratives, Jewish.
  • Type: Containers, Containers
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: a. Small, circular, tin container lid with a rounded edge, painted gold on the exterior and silver on the interior. On the top center is a painted yellow circle with a portrait of a man with short hair, round glasses, and a serious expression. Twelve long black cones border the circle, with yellow text in the upper triangles and a yellow banner with black text over the lower triangles. b. Small, circular, tin container base, with an indented rim to support the lid and a recessed bottom. The tin was used to store red glass beads (2003.155.5)., a. Small, circular, tin container lid with a rounded edge, painted gold on the exterior and silver on the interior. On the top center is a painted yellow circle with a portrait of a man with short hair, round glasses, and a serious expression. Twelve long black cones border the circle, with yellow text in the upper triangles and a yellow banner with black text over the lower triangles. b. Small, circular, tin container base, with an indented rim to support the lid and a recessed bottom. The tin was used to store red glass beads (2003.155.5).

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