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Toddler's red leather shoe worn by a Jewish refugee from German occupied France

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Red leather shoe worn by toddler Alain Markon during his escape with his parents, Alexander and Raya, from Toulouse in Vichy France in 1942. Alain's parents were immigrants from Vilna, Poland, who had married in Paris in 1937. When Germany invaded France in May 1940, his mother fled Paris for Toulouse. She was joined by his father after his discharge from the French Army following the June surrender of France. The couple applied for US visas and, while they were waiting to receive them, Alain was born on June 23, 1941. They received their visas in 1942 and left for Lisbon, Portugal. They sailed from Lisbon in October 1942 and arrived in America in November.

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Details

  • Title: Toddler's red leather shoe worn by a Jewish refugee from German occupied France
  • Location: France--Emigration and immigration--Biography. United States--Emigration and immigration--Biography.
  • Provenance: The shoe was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1998 by Genya Markon, the sister of Alain Markon.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--France--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--France--Biography. Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--United States--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Dress Accessories
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Red leather child's right laced shoe with a rounded toe. The stitched upper lacing section is layered over the vamp and has 3 sets of hidden metal eyelets threaded with a white string. The low stacked wooden heel is nailed to the leather outsole. The interior upper, excluding the toe cap, is lined with worn, finished leather. The worn and stained cardboard insole is stapled to the outsole and has white adhesive remnants. The shoe is scuffed from use.

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