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Toddler's white knit undershirt worn by a Jewish refugee from German occupied France

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

White knit sleeveless undershirt worn by toddler Alain Markon during his escape with his parents, Alexander and Raya, from Toulouse in Vichy France in 1942. Alain's parents were immigrants from Vilna, Poland, who had married in Paris in 1937. When Germany invaded France in May 1940, his mother fled Paris for Toulouse. She was joined by his father after his discharge from the French Army following the June surrender of France. The couple applied for US visas and, while they were waiting to receive them, Alain was born on June 23, 1941. They received their visas in 1942 and left for Lisbon, Portugal. They sailed from Lisbon in October 1942 and arrived in America in November.

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Details

  • Title: Toddler's white knit undershirt worn by a Jewish refugee from German occupied France
  • Location: France--Emigration and immigration--Biography. United States--Emigration and immigration--Biography.
  • Provenance: The undershirt was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1998 by Genya Markon, the sister of Alain Markon.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--France--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--France--Biography. Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--United States--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Clothing and Dress
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Sleeveless white cotton knit infant’s undershirt with a scoop neckline. There is white thread trim crocheted on the neckline and arm holes. The neckline and arm holes have finished hems. The lower edge is stretched from wear and finished with thread that is partially unraveled. There are light stains and small holes.

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