Two mother-of-pearl shards presented to Rose Galek Brunswic in 1987 by the son of a former employee in her father's factory in Sochocin, Poland. Marceli Kochanowski's mother had saved the shards, raw material for the buttons which she had helped make in Moshe Galek's factory before the war. See 1989.204.1 for finished buttons. In November 1940, a year after the German occupation of Poland in September 1939, Raszka (Rose), her parents Moshe and Fela, and her younger sisters Deana and Sala were confined to the Warsaw ghetto. In April 1943, Raszka’s parents were shot as she watched and her sisters were deported to a concentration camp and presumed killed. Raszka escaped and went into hiding. A resistance member, Jan Majewski, helped her obtain false papers as a Polish Catholic, Maria Kowalczyk. In June, she was sent as a forced laborer to a farm in Krummhardt, Germany, owned by an SS member. Raszka was liberated by US forces in April 1945. She moved to Stuttgart displaced persons camp and emigrated to the United States in 1947.