The V2 rocket engine powered the first ballistic missiles, built by the Nazis to fire at London during the Second World War. But that was not the only part it had to play in history. It could travel at three times the speed of sound and was the first man-made object that had the capability to reach space.
On 16 July 1969 the Apollo 11 mission allowed the first men to walk on the Moon. The Saturn V rockets which took up each of the Apollo craft used six J2 engines - developed from the V2 by some of the designers who worked on the V2.
Credit: Ministry of Supply
Object no: 1949-49