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White pillowcase embroidered with a floral design recovered by a Hungarian Jewish woman from her neighbors

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Pillowcase returned to 20 year old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the pillowcase to the Oppels to safeguard during the war.Nazi Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and one week later, 19 year old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17 year old sister, Julianna, were deported from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Kosice, Czechoslovakia. From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where everyone but Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau concentration camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. Kato returned to Vilmany.

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Details

  • Title: White pillowcase embroidered with a floral design recovered by a Hungarian Jewish woman from her neighbors
  • Provenance: The embroidered pillowcase was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by George and Katie Frankfurter.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camp inmates--Poland--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Hungary--Personal narratives. Jewish families--Hungary. Slave labor--Poland. Women concentration camp inmates--Poland--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Poland--Prisoners and prisons, Hungarian.
  • Type: Furnishings and Furniture
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular, lightweight, white cotton pillowcase discolored with age. Above the center is a white embroidered garland with a star and rosettes surrounded by a large, rectangular floral design with eyelet and drawn thread work. On one side is a pocket seam with a button placket closure with 1 Dorset thread button and 5 corresponding button holes. A number is inscribed on the button band and a partial initial is embroidered on the button hole band.

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