Woman’s lab coat owned by a Czech Jewish inmate while a nurse in Theresienstadt

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

White, now stained, lab coat used by Hana Mueller Schiff, while a prisoner in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp where she was a nurse in the infectious disease ward at the hospital from August 1942 - October 1944. In March 1939, Nazi Germany annexed Prague. On July 20, 1942, Hana’s parents Hedvika and Richard Mueller and her grandmother Marie Zappner were sent to the camp in Terezin. Hana, 20, and her husband Rudolf Schiff, 23, were transported on August 10. Hana’s parents were deported to Treblinka killing center in October 1942. Her husband, his parents Richard and Marta, and brother Karel, were sent to Auschwitz and killed in December 1943. On October 1, 1944, Hana was deported to Auschwitz, and then sent to Kudowa-Sackisch slave labor camp in Poland where she made airplane parts. She was liberated on May 5, 1945. She returned to Prague and while searching for surviving family members met Karel Bruml. He had survived Terezin, Auschwitz, Auschwitz III-Monowitz (Buna) and death marches to Gleiwitz, Dora-Mittelbau, and Bergen-Belsen, where he was liberated on April 15. Hana and Karel found few survivors. Karel and Hana left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

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  • Title: Woman’s lab coat owned by a Czech Jewish inmate while a nurse in Theresienstadt
  • Provenance: The lab coat was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2001 by Ruth Kraemer, executor of the Estate of Hana Bruml.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camp inmates--Poland--Oswiecim--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Czech Republic--Terezín (Ústecký kraj)--Biography. Holocaust survivors--United States--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czech Republic--Prague--Personal narratives. Nurses--Czech Republic--Terezin (Ustecky kraj)--Biography. Slave labor--Poland--Biography. Women concentration camp inmates--Poland--Oswiecim--Biography. Women concentration camp inmates--Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)--Biography. World War,1939-1945--Conscript labor--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Clothing and Dress
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Woman’s knee-length, white cotton lab coat with a pointed collar and long sleeves with narrow cuffs and 1 large mother-of-pearl button. The full-length front opening has a wide upper placket that tapers toward the bottom. There are 5 finished buttonholes, 4 mother-of-pearl buttons, and thread where a 5th button was sewn. There is a small patch pocket on the left breast and a large patch pocket at each hip. The interior collar has a hanging loop. There are princess seams on the back and an attached, adjustable belt with 2 mother-of-pearl buttons and 2 finished buttonholes. It has a 14 inch center back vent. The coat is very discolored with red-brown stains overall.