Gowns with fitted backs were typical of 18th century English women’s fashion. These gowns, called “morninggowns” or “nightgowns,” could be one-piece with a skirt closed in front or two-pieces with an open front and additional skirt. They were worn in the domestic sphere, for non-official occasions, or going for a stroll. The splendid silk of this gown shows parrot tulips and chrysanthemums with sparse, bracken-like foliage upon a dark green background and a naturalistic flower pattern as was fashionable between 1730 and 1740. This gown has a closed skirt. The rear yardage is laid in outward facing knife pleats and flow over into the skirt without waist seam. Wing cuffs adorn the three-quarter-length sleeves.


  • Title: Women's Gown with Tailored Back "English Dress"
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date: 1735 - 1740
  • Stylistic point of origin: England
  • Rights: Photo © bpk - Photo Agency / Kunstgewerbemuseum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz / Stephan Klonk │ Text © Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz / Christine Waidenschlager
  • Provenance: 2003 Kamer/Ruf collection; 1990 Christie’s, London, Kunstgewerbemuseum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
  • Length: Fl. 135 cm, bl. 138 cm, fabric width: 51.5 cm
  • ISIL no.: DE-MUS-018417
  • Type: Dress
  • External Link: http://www.smb.museum/museen-und-einrichtungen/kunstgewerbemuseum/home.html
  • Medium: Dark green silk fabric, Gros de Tours brocaded with coloured silkthreads; lining: natural-coloured and green silk pongé,natural coloured linen

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