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Wooden sandals with a canvas strap worn by a Mir Yeshiva refugee in Shanghai 2010.464.2_a front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Wooden sandals worn by Lazar Horodetzky in the Hongkew ghetto in Shanghai, China, from 1941-1945. Lazar was a member of the Mir Yeshiva, a Jewish religious school which had left Mir, Poland (Belarus) after the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland in September 1939. They first moved to Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania. When it was occupied by the Soviets in August 1940, they decided to flee once more. They were able to get Japanese transit visas from the consul, Chiune Sugihara. In the spring of 1941, they reached Japan, where they were declared stateless refugees and deported to Japanese occupied Shanghai. They settled in the Hongkew ghetto and resumed their studies. The city was liberated by US troops on September 3, 1945. The Mir Yeshiva was the only eastern European yeshiva to survive the Holocaust intact. The yeshiva members immigrated to Palestine and to the United States, assisted by the Mirrer Yeshivah in New York.

Wooden sandals worn by Lazar Horodetzky in the Hongkew ghetto in Shanghai, China, from 1941-1945. Lazar was a member of the Mir Yeshiva, a Jewish religious school which had left Mir, Poland (Belarus) after the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland in September 1939. They first moved to Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania. When it was occupied by the Soviets in August 1940, they decided to flee once more. They were able to get Japanese transit visas from the consul, Chiune Sugihara. In the spring of 1941, they reached Japan, where they were declared stateless refugees and deported to Japanese occupied Shanghai. They settled in the Hongkew ghetto and resumed their studies. The city was liberated by US troops on September 3, 1945. The Mir Yeshiva was the only eastern European yeshiva to survive the Holocaust intact. The yeshiva members immigrated to Palestine and to the United States, assisted by the Mirrer Yeshivah in New York.

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  • Title: Wooden sandals with a canvas strap worn by a Mir Yeshiva refugee in Shanghai 2010.464.2_a front
  • Provenance: The sandals were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Judith Kranzler., The sandals were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Judith Kranzler.
  • Subject Keywords: Jewish refugees--China--Shanghai. Jews--China--Shanghai--History--20th century. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--China--Shanghai. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--China--Shanghai., Jewish refugees--China--Shanghai. Jews--China--Shanghai--History--20th century. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--China--Shanghai. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--China--Shanghai.
  • Type: Dress Accessories, Dress Accessories
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: a. Flat, wooden shoe sole with a low heel; it narrows in the center and has rounded ends. A worn, inch wide, cloth strap with folded ends is nailed with 2 nails to each side near one end. The strap is made of light brown canvas sewn to webbed binding tape; 2 straps have been sewn together with x-like stitches on one side. b. Flat, wooden shoe sole with a low heel; it narrows in the center and has rounded ends. A worn, inch wide, cloth strap with folded ends is nailed with 2 nails to each side near one end. The strap is made of light brown canvas sewn to webbed binding tape; 2 straps have been sewn together with x-like stitches on one side., a. Flat, wooden shoe sole with a low heel; it narrows in the center and has rounded ends. A worn, inch wide, cloth strap with folded ends is nailed with 2 nails to each side near one end. The strap is made of light brown canvas sewn to webbed binding tape; 2 straps have been sewn together with x-like stitches on one side. b. Flat, wooden shoe sole with a low heel; it narrows in the center and has rounded ends. A worn, inch wide, cloth strap with folded ends is nailed with 2 nails to each side near one end. The strap is made of light brown canvas sewn to webbed binding tape; 2 straps have been sewn together with x-like stitches on one side.

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