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World Scout badge with a fleur-de-lis and star worn by a Jewish refugee in Shanghai

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

World Scout badge worn by Ludwig Salzer when he was in the 13th (United) Boy Scouts Rover troop in Shanghai, China, during World War II. Ludwig was a Jewish refugee from Vienna, Austria. In 1938, after Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany, anti-Jewish laws were enacted to persecute Jews. Ludwig's father, Hugo, was arrested during the November 1938 Kristallnacht pogrom and sent to Dachau concentration camp. He was released in 1939 and he and his wife, Theresa, decided to send 18 year old Ludwig to Shanghai. His 13 year old sister, Ilse, was placed on a kindertransport to England. They were not able to get visas to leave themselves and in 1941 were deported to the Opole ghetto in Poland where they died that same year.

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Details

  • Title: World Scout badge with a fleur-de-lis and star worn by a Jewish refugee in Shanghai
  • Provenance: The Boy Scout patch was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2007 by Suzan Pressler, the daughter of Les Salter, on behalf of his Estate.
  • Subject Keywords: Boy Scout--China--Shanghai--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Austria--Vienna--Personal narratives. Jewish refugees--China--Shanghai. Jewish families--Austria--Vienna. Scouts (Youth organization members)--China--Shanghai--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--China--Shanghai.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Narrow, oval shaped dark green cloth patch with pointed ends. A fleur-de-lis is embroidered in red thread in the center with yellow stars stitched in the right and left petals. Beneath the fleur-de-lis, an outline of a half circle is stitched in red thread with English text stitched within with yellow thread. The edges have a border of hand stitched dark green thread.

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