Xong-e Azdhar boulder relief

Javier Álvarez-Mon & Yasmina Wicks17th century BC

Macquarie University

Macquarie University
Sydney, Australia

The lower register of the Xong-e Azdhar relief carries a composition of seven individuals who stand in a line facing a larger-scale, high-status seated individual (a divinity or ruler?). All wear a long garment that flares outward at the bottom. The last six figures standing in the line hold their hands up in front of their waists, possibly clasped in a worshiping gesture. The first instead seems to be interacting with the seated individual. The register above has eroded to the point where it is difficult to determine whether it had incorporated a carving or an inscription. Two narrow channels run down from the top of the boulder and along the right and left sides of the relief. The channel on the right makes a sharp left turn and terminates at the narrow central platform dividing the registers. It is not known whether these channels were part of the original design and, if so, what their intended purpose had been.


  • Title: Xong-e Azdhar boulder relief
  • Creator: Javier Álvarez-Mon & Yasmina Wicks
  • Date Created: 17th century BC
  • Location Created: Xong-e Azdhar, Izeh Valley, ca. 17 km northeast of the town of Izeh
  • Type: boulder
  • Rights: Image Copyright J. Álvarez-Mon
  • Medium: rock-carved relief

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