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Soviet Union, 3 chervonets note, acquired by a Hungarian Jewish forced laborer 2005.303.4 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Soviet bank note, 3 chervonets, issued 1937, acquired by 21-year old Ladislav Davidovic when he served in a Hungarian forced labor unit on the Russian front during World War II. Louis was from a region in Czechoslovakia that was annexed by Hungary in 1938. He was able to stay in school at the Jewish Gymnasium, but when he graduated in 1943, he was ordered into the Hungarian army, close allies of Nazi Germany. He was put in charge of a forced labor battalion of Jewish boys who were responsible for rebuilding bombed railroads on the eastern front during the German retreat from Russia. After liberation, Ladislav returned to find his family gone, so he went to Prague. He was eventually reunited with his father and mother, who had survived Auschwitz. The family emigrated to the United States in 1946.

Soviet bank note, 3 chervonets, issued 1937, acquired by 21-year old Ladislav Davidovic when he served in a Hungarian forced labor unit on the Russian front during World War II. Louis was from a region in Czechoslovakia that was annexed by Hungary in 1938. He was able to stay in school at the Jewish Gymnasium, but when he graduated in 1943, he was ordered into the Hungarian army, close allies of Nazi Germany. He was put in charge of a forced labor battalion of Jewish boys who were responsible for rebuilding bombed railroads on the eastern front during the German retreat from Russia. After liberation, Ladislav returned to find his family gone, so he went to Prague. He was eventually reunited with his father and mother, who had survived Auschwitz. The family emigrated to the United States in 1946.

Details

  • Title: Soviet Union, 3 chervonets note, acquired by a Hungarian Jewish forced laborer 2005.303.4 front
  • Provenance: The paper money was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2005 by Deborah Kronenberger, the daughter of Louis Davis., The paper money was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2005 by Deborah Kronenberger, the daughter of Louis Davis.
  • Subject Keywords: Forced labor--Hungary--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Personal narratives, Jewish. Jews--Persecution--Czechoslovakia. World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Hungary--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Eastern front--Personal narratives, Jewish., Forced labor--Hungary--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Personal narratives, Jewish. Jews--Persecution--Czechoslovakia. World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Hungary--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Eastern front--Personal narratives, Jewish.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular bank note on white paper with Russian text. The face has a red inked rectangular, swirl patterned frame with the denomination 3 printed in scalloped corner medallions; the text denomination три [three] is printed within the top border. On the left is a large scalloped medallion with the denomination 3 in white on a green background. On the left is an oval medallion with a portrait of Lenin in a suit. The center of the rectangle is white with a faint green три [three] in the center with a superimposed три ЧEPBOHEЦ [Three Chervonet]. There is text above and below. On the upper left is the Soviet hammer, sickle, and star emblem within a wreath. The serial number 069042 цп is printed on the upper right and lower left. The reverse has a red, straight edged, patterned border with the numerical denomination 3 in scalloped corner medallions. A large 3 is printed in the center with the date 1937 below on a faint, ornate, swirled background design in purple, orange, and blue ink. On the left and right are 5 lines of text stating 1 Chervonet in 10 languages. The note is creased and wrinkled., Rectangular bank note on white paper with Russian text. The face has a red inked rectangular, swirl patterned frame with the denomination 3 printed in scalloped corner medallions; the text denomination три [three] is printed within the top border. On the left is a large scalloped medallion with the denomination 3 in white on a green background. On the left is an oval medallion with a portrait of Lenin in a suit. The center of the rectangle is white with a faint green три [three] in the center with a superimposed три ЧEPBOHEЦ [Three Chervonet]. There is text above and below. On the upper left is the Soviet hammer, sickle, and star emblem within a wreath. The serial number 069042 цп is printed on the upper right and lower left. The reverse has a red, straight edged, patterned border with the numerical denomination 3 in scalloped corner medallions. A large 3 is printed in the center with the date 1937 below on a faint, ornate, swirled background design in purple, orange, and blue ink. On the left and right are 5 lines of text stating 1 Chervonet in 10 languages. The note is creased and wrinkled.

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