The Isaiah manuscript A is one of the seven scrolls discovered in Qumran in 1947. It is the largest and best preserved scroll, and represents the only biblical book that has survived in its entirety. The fifty-four columns contain all sixty-six chapters, without a marked division between what modern scholarship regards as First and Second Isaiah. The scroll is one of the oldest Dead Sea Scrolls - it dates from about 100 BCE and is older by about one thousand years than the oldest biblical manuscripts (such as the Aleppo Codex) known prior to the Qumran finds. The text, which is written clearly enough to be understood immediately by readers of modern Hebrew, substantiates to a remarkable degree the wording and orthography of medieval manuscripts.


  • Title: The Great Isaiah Scroll MS A (1QIsa)
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: 1st century BCE
  • Location: Qumran, Cave 1
  • Type: Scroll
  • Rights: Government of Israel <a href="http://www.ardonbarhama.com/">Photography: Ardon Bar-Hama</a>
  • External Link: Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  • Medium: Ink on parchment
  • Inscription: (written in Hebrew) "And on that day the Lord will thresh from the river Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt, and you will be gathered one by one, O people of Israel. And on the day a great trumpet will be sounded, and those who were perishing in the land of Assyria and those who were driven out to the land of Egypt will come and bow down to the Lord in the holy mountain at Jerusalem."
  • Dimensions: H: 22-25, L: 734 cm
  • Curator: Roitman, Adolfo

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