The Massacre of the Two Witnesses by the Beast

Unknownabout 1255–1260

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

After the two witnesses have finished prophesying, a blue-faced, red-eyed beast with a tail and cloven hooves rises from an abyss, wielding a giant scimitar to kill them. Although not explicitly described as such in the text, the label antixp[christ]e above both representations of the beast identifies it as the Antichrist in the miniature. On the right, Saint John bends down to view the murder, peering through an opening in the frame.


  • Title: The Massacre of the Two Witnesses by the Beast
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: about 1255–1260
  • Location Created: London (probably), England
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 31.9 × 22.5 cm (12 9/16 × 8 7/8 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold leaf, colored washes, pen and ink on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.MC.72.17
  • Culture: English
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig III 1, fol. 17
  • Creator Display Name: Unknown
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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