Unused yellow Star of David badge printed with Jood, the Dutch word for Jew

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Uncut Star of David badge issued to the Vromen family in the Netherlands. Minnie Vromen, age 34, and her 2 children, Jaap, age 13, and Clary, age 12, were living in Enschede when Germany occupied the country in May 1940. Minnie's work as a social worker helped them escape deportation to Westerbork internment camp in November 1942. She decided to go into hiding and in February 1943 sent the children to Duerne where they were hidden in separate homes with non-Jewish Dutch families. They had to change hiding places several times during the war. After liberation in spring 1945, Minnie did not know where Clary was living. She placed her name on a register of missing people at a local synagogue. A few days later, Gerards Hoefs contacted her and told her that he and his wife, Riek, were Clary's foster parents. Clary was reunited with her family. She had renounced Judaism while in hiding and when they relocated to Amsterdam, Minnie enrolled her in Jewish schools. Both Minnie and Clary later emigrated to Israel.


  • Title: Unused yellow Star of David badge printed with Jood, the Dutch word for Jew
  • Provenance: The uncut Star of David badge was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Clara Renee Keren Vromen, the daughter of Minnie Vromen.
  • Subject Keywords: Hidden children (Holocaust)--Netherlands. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Netherlands---Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Biography. Jewish families--Netherlands. Jewish women in the Holocaust--Netherlands.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular yellow cloth printed with a 6 pointed Star of David. The star outline is formed from 2 overlapping, dyed triangles and has Dutch text in a font resembling Hebrew in the center. There are cut guide marks printed around the outside of the star.

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