Plants With Animals' Name

By Seodaemun Museum of Natural History

Living things have two names, “scientific name” for scientific need, and “common name” a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life. In Korea, there are plants with common names, named after animals' name. In many cases they are closely related to the animal-appearance, odor or habitat. 

Phyllanthus urinaria(Common Leafflower) (2010-09-18) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Common Leafflower
Phyllanthus urinaria
Distinctive round fruit are borne on the undersides of the lateral branches at the leaf axils.

Heloniopsis koreana (2010-04-17) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Korean swamppink
Heloniopsis koreana (Liliaceae)
It is a endemic herbaceous species of the Korean Peninsula.

Penthorum chinense(chinese-penthorum) (2010-08-08) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Oriental penthorum
Penthorum chinense
Flowers are yellow-white, borne in a cyme at the top of the stem in July.

Valeriana fauriei(common valerian) (2008-05-10) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Common valerian
Valeriana fauriei
Its flowers bloom in the May to June. Root is used as medicine.

Persicaria senticosa (2010-09-04) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Prickled-vine smartweed
Persicaria senticosa
The flower is reddish, bloom between July and August, arrange in headlike inflorescence at the end of the stem.

Luzula capitata (Sweep’s woodrush) (2010-04-17) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Sweep's woodrush
Luzula capitata
It is commonly known as sweep's woodrush and used as food by birds.

Astilbe chinensis (Chinese astilbe) (2010-05-29) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

False goat's beard or Chinese astilbe
Astilbe chinensis
It is known as Chinese astilbe. Its flower color is a pinkish purple.

Pyrola japonica (Japanese wintergreen) (2010-05-29) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

East Asian wintergreen
Pyrola japonica
Its common name is Japanese wintergreen. It spreads by means of underground rhizomes. White flowers bloom in early summer.

Persicaria perfoliata (2010-09-04) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Asian tearthumb
Persicaria perfoliata
It is a trailing herbaceous annual vine with barbed stems and triangular leaves.

Clematis apiifolia (2009-08-23) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Three-leaf clematis
Clematis apiifolia
It is a deciduous climber growing to 3 m.

Lycopodium chinense (2010-05-01) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Pacific firmoss
Lycopodium chinense
They are flowerless, vascular plants, with small, simple, scale-like leaves that cover the stem and branches thickly.

Aquilegia buergeriana var. oxysepala (Asian columbine) (2010-05-29) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Oriental columbine
Aquilegia buergeriana var. oxysepala
It is Asian columbine. It is herbaceous perennial plant growing to 100 cm tall.

Asarum sieboldii (2010-04-17) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Wildginger
Asarum sieboldii
The deciduous, heart-shaped leaves are opposite, and borne from the rhizome.

Semiaquilegia adoxoides(Spurless columbine) (2006-03-19) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Muskroot-like semiaquilegia
Semiaquilegia adoxoides
It is spurless columbine. Tiny white flowers are produced in April to May.

Hepatica asiatica (Asian liverleaf) (2010-04-17) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Asian liverleaf
Hepatica asiatica
Its flower appears before the leaves unfurl.

Thalictrum filamentosum(Meadow rue) (2009-06-25) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Tuberous-rooted meadow rue
Thalictrum filamentosum
The white flowers are small and are produced in conspicuous dense inflorescence.

Boehmeria tricuspis (2009-08-23) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Tricuspidate falsenettle
Boehmeria tricuspis
Its narrow pink pipe cleaner flowers hang from the stems.

Delphinium maackianum (2008-08-15) by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Maack's larkspur
Delphinium maackianum
Flowers are produced in racemes from July to September.

Cypripedium macranthum by Flower NetSeodaemun Museum of Natural History

Big-flower lady's slipper
Cypripedium macranthum
The flower has three acute petals with the third a striking slipper-shaped lip, which is lowermost.

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