Ivanhoè Gambini (1904 - 1992)

By Italia Liberty

The eldest son of the talented liberty architect Silvio and Dircea Pedrazzini, Ivanhoè Gambini was born in Busto Arsizio on March 25, 1904. After attending technical schools he entered the father's studio in 1923 attending various tasks: from the graphic development of projects to assistance during construction works. He joined the futurist movement in 1928 by participating the following year in the exhibition organized by the Lombardy radio-futuristic group in Varese. In the same year he participated in the exhibition organized at the Pesaro Trentatré gallery futurist artists organized by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. Gambini's production during these years was aimed at painting and applied arts, especially ceramic decoration. In painting, before devoting himself entirely to the aerial subject, Gambini had dealt with themes and motifs of the late Deco season solved with forms generally referable to the Prampolinian sphere.

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Gambini's exhibition stages were mainly linked to the activity of the futurists in the Milanese Galleria Pesaro: from the Futurist exhibition arch. Sant'Elia and 22 futurist artists in 1930 at the Futurist Airbrush and Scenography Exhibition in 1931, until the Futurist Exhibition in honor of Umberto Boccioni in 1933. It was, however, the great Futurist exhibition of 1933, organized in Rome at the Palace of the Union of Engineers marked the success of the pictorial formula created by Gambini through the use of the airbrush. All the reviews at the exhibition revealed the highly suggestive effects derived from the sprayed hues which increased the perception of dynamism of the aircraft machines he painted. His subjects, in fact, in recent years, focused on the celebration of the Italian aeronautical epic, coming to collaborate on the project, in 1934, of the High Speed ​​Hall at the Air Force Exhibition organized at the Palazzo dell'Arte in Milan. These were the years of the greatest notoriety of the artist who now participated in the great artistic events such as the Venice Biennials of 1930-34-36, the II Roman Quadrennial of 1935, the colonial exhibitions of 1931 and 1934 and the Olimpische Kunstaustellung of 1936 on the occasion of the XI Olympiad.Meanwhile, he continued his activity in the field of applied arts and especially graphics with the illustration of magazines ("Fiamma italica", "The illustrated magazine of the People of Italy"), books and the preparation of advertising posters, labels and postcards. .From the end of 1936 the artist no longer participated in futurist exhibitions, devoting himself to architectural design in the Technical Office of the Municipality of Busto Arsizio. In that environment he had the opportunity to appreciate the innovative qualities of the projects, the architectural solutions he adopted and the updating of the materials used (Public Weighing Projects 1935, Tax House 1936-1938, Municipal swimming pool "Costanzo Ciano", 1938- 1939). The post-war period saw Gambini active in the field of ceramics, participating in numerous exhibitions and performing various wall decorations for new city buildings. Ivanhoè Gambini passed away in Busto Arsizio on 23 December 1992.

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For exhibitions prior to the year 1995, please refer to M. Scudiero, Gambini futurist aeropittore, Rome, European Military Press Agency, 1991 and to P. Rusconi, Ivanhoè Gambini: “futurist” creations and installations in Busto Arsizio 1932-1936, in Art in Busto Arsizio. Attendance and documents. 1900-1940, (Busto Arsizio, Palazzo Bandera, 18 November 1995 - 25 February 1996) at c. by M. Boscolo, C. Occhipinti, Castellanza, Grafica Tosi, 1995.

Italy flying (1934) by Ivanhoe GambiniItalia Liberty

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The Golden Vein (1934) by Ivanhoe GambiniItalia Liberty

Credits: Story

Si ringrazia Rosilla Gambini, erede dell'artista e socia dell'Istituzione culturale nazionale ITALIA LIBERTY.

Associazione Italia Liberty, Museo del Liberty e Museo Vucetich.

Bibliografia suggerita:
Andrea Speziali, “Giuseppe Sommaruga (1867-1917). Un protagonista del Liberty", CartaCanta editore, Forlì 2017.


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