African-American neighborhoods or black neighborhoods are types of ethnic enclaves found in many cities in the United States. Generally, an African American neighborhood is one where the majority of the people who live there are African American. Some of the earliest African-American neighborhoods were in New York City along with early communities located in Virginia. In 1830, there were 14,000 "Free negroes" living in New York City.
The formation of black neighborhoods is closely linked to the history of segregation in the United States, either through formal laws or as a product of social norms. Despite the formal laws and segregation, black neighborhoods have played an important role in the development of African-American culture.
Black residential segregation has been declining in the United States and many blacks are moving to white suburbs. Black people continue to live in poorer neighborhoods than white people and Americans of other races.