Elections in Cuba are held at municipal, provincial, and national levels. Elections in Cuba are not democratic. Cuba is a single-party authoritarian state with the Communist Party of Cuba as the "leading force of society and of the state" under the national constitution.
Candidates for National Assembly of People's Power elections are nominated by organs that are firmly controlled by the Communist Party of Cuba. The National Assembly is only in session for a few days each year. The Council of State is the executive committee of the National Assembly and issues decree-laws with the full force of law when the National Assembly is not in session. Members of the Council of State, which serve in the National Assembly, do not reflect popular outcomes in the elections. According to a 2021 study, under competitive elections, most members of the Council of State might have been defeated.
Cuba's authoritarian political system has been condemned by human rights groups and opposition groups, as well as foreign Western governments. The Cuban government contends that the system is democratic.